Information about ISRO

To discuss all the information about ISRO in detail we have to start with the historical aspects, from ISRO’s first launch to the upcoming launch of ISRO. We all know that the ISRO is an Indian space organisation responsible for all the space missions of India. ISRO stands for Indian Space Research Organisation. This organisation is majorly dealing with space, science, engineering, and technology for the benefit of India.

History of ISRO

The history of ISRO started in 1962 when the Indian National Committee for Space Research was established. INCOSPAR was established for the groundwork of India’s space program by the numerous efforts of Dr. Vikram Sarabhai. On August 15, 1969, ISRO is formed by replacing INCOSPAR by taking some expansive role.


information about isro


ISRO first space mission

ISRO’s first space mission was launched on April 19, 1975. This space mission was Aryabhata mission and the name of the satellite is dedicated to Aryabhata who was a renowned Indian astronomer and mathematician, lived in the 5th century CE.

Specifications of Aryabhata Mission

  • Built in India: Aryabhata was entirely designed and fabricated by India, but it was launched by a Soviet Rocket.
  • Important goal: The main goal of this mission was to study the Earth’s atmosphere and the Sun’s rays.
  • Earth’s ionosphere and magnetosphere analysis: It was also specially designed to study earth’s ionosphere and magnetosphere.


Information about ISRO


Participate and get NASA Certificate


Important missions of ISRO


Mission Name Launch Date
Aryabhata April 19, 1975
Rohini July 18, 1980
INSAT-1A April 10, 1982
Chandrayaan-1 October 22, 2008
Mars Orbiter Mission (Mangalyaan) November 5, 2013
INSAT-2A May 9, 1992
PSLV-C57/Aditya-L1 Mission September 2, 2023
LVM3 M4 / Chandrayaan-3 Mission July 14, 2023
GSLV-F12/NVS-01 Mission May 29, 2023
PSLV-C56/DS-SAR Mission July 30, 2023


Branches of ISRO

ISRO’s, main office is in Bengaluru, and it is run by a number of centers: NRSC for processing data from remote sensing, LPSC for liquid stages, URSC for satellites, VSSC for launch vehicles, and SDSC for integration and launching. Its several units work together to enhance India’s space technology.

Information about ISRO’s branches

The headquarter of ISRO is in Bengaluru, and its work spans across different centers and units. The VikramSarabhai Space Centre (VSSC) in Thiruvananthapuram builds Launch Vehicles, while Satellites are designed and developed at the U R Rao Satellite Centre (URSC) in Bengaluru. The integration and launching of satellites and launch vehicles happen at the Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) in Sriharikota.

The development of liquid stages, including the cryogenic stage, is done at the Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre (LPSC) in Valiamala and Bengaluru. Sensors for Communication and Remote Sensing satellites, along with the application aspects of space technology, are addressed at the Space Applications Centre (SAC) in Ahmedabad. Lastly, the National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC) in Hyderabad is responsible for receiving, processing, and disseminating data from Remote Sensing satellites.

ISRO Launch Vehicles

For putting satellites into space ISRO majorly uses the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) and the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV).


The PSLV is like the workhorse of ISRO, known for its high success rate in launching satellites into low Earth orbits, including special orbits like Sun-synchronous orbits. Notable missions include sending Chandrayaan-1 to the Moon in 2008 and the Mars Orbiter Mission in 2013.


On the other hand, GSLV is designed for havier satellites for putting into higher orbits, including geostationary orbits where satellites stay fixed relative to Earth. Depending on the mission’s specifics, ISRO chooses between the two, with PSLV being cost-effective and reliable for lighter payloads, and GSLV being the choice for heavier payloads and missions to geostationary orbits.


Information about ISRO


Information about ISRO’s other launch vehicle

  • Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mk-III (LVM3)
  • Small Satellite Launch Vehicle (SSLV)
  • Human Rated Launch Vehicle (HRLV)
  • Small Satellite Launch Vehicle (SSLV)
  • Reusable Launch Vehicle – Technology Demonstrator (RLV-TD)
  • Scramjet Engine – TD
  • SLV-3 (retired launcher)
  • ASLV (retired launcher)


National Green Hydrogen mission (Detailed Explanation)


ISRO’s Role in Space Technology

ISRO is dedicated to advancing space technology to meet our diverse national requirements. ISRO’s major space systems include communication, television broadcasting, meteorological services, resources monitoring, management, and space-based navigation. The development of satellite launch vehicles like PSLV and GSLV enables precise placement of our satellites into the orbits.

We can easily say that India’s leadership in space technology is well-established by ISRO’s different satellite systems, which include resource management, weather monitoring, and communication networks. These systems also enhance economic growth, enhance disaster preparedness, and progress scientific research. To assure future success in this fast-paced profession, however, additional dedication to research, development, and international collaboration is needed to meet current challenges so that India will became super power in most of the fields.

Information about ISRO’s important mission

Aditya L1

Aditya-L1 (Sun Mission) which was launched on September 2, 2023, this spacecraft studies the Sun’s storms and flares from a special “halo” orbit. Protecting Earth from their potential impact on our technology and communication!


Chandrayaan-3 (Moon Mission): It was launched on July 14, 2023, from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, India. Chandrayaan -3 successfully soft-landed on the lunar south pole on August 23, 2023.


Chandrayaan 3 full details


Mars Orbiter Mission

Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM): Launched November 5, 2013. MOM circles Mars, mapping its surface, studying its atmosphere, and revealing the planet’s secrets, one Martian sunset at a time.

ISRO’s upcoming mission

ISRO, India’s Space Research Organisation, is constantly pushing the boundaries of space exploration with exciting upcoming missions. Here are the information about ISRO’s upcoming missions:

  • Gaganyaan (Human Spaceflight Mission)

Target Launch: January-February 2024
Mission: Gaganyaan aims to send three Indian astronauts into space for a 7-day orbit around Earth, marking a historic milestone for India’s space program.


Information about ISRO Gaganyaan


  • Chandrayaan-4 :

Target Launch: 2028

Mission: Lunar Sample Return Mission

  • Shukrayaan-1 :

Target Launch: December 2024 or 2025

Mission: Venus Orbiter Mission

  • AstroSat-2 (Space Telescope):

Target Launch: 2025


Do you know:  who is the project director of Chandrayaan -3 Mission ?


In conclusion, ISRO plays a key role as a leader in India’s space exploration efforts. They’re the experts behind important stuff like communication, broadcasting, weather info, and navigation using space systems. Think of missions like Mangalyaan to Mars, Chandrayaan exploring the Moon, and Aditya L1 checking out the Sun – all showcasing India’s dedication to understanding space. ISRO is not just about science; it’s about India reaching for the stars and sharing our discoveries with the world. I hope this article Information about ISRO must help you to know more about ISRO.


People also ask :

Question: In which district is ISRO located?

Answer: ISRO’s main office is located in Bengaluru. Additionally, they have a space station in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh, where they launch satellites into space.

Question: What is the main mission of ISRO?

Answer: The main mission of ISRO is the development and application of space technology for national needs, including communication, broadcasting, weather monitoring, and scientific exploration.

Question: What is the full form of ISRO?

Answer: Indian Space Research Organisation.

Question: What is ISRO and its functions?

Answer: ISRO is majorly dealing with space, science, engineering, and technology for the benefit of India.

Question: What is the first mission of ISRO?

Answer: Aryabhata is the first mission of ISRO.


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